Fastest Growing Trees

The Fastest Growing Trees Enhance a Neighborhood

For beautiful landscaping on newer property, many people rely on the fastest growing trees.  Trees are an important piece of the overall design of your landscaping.  Trees can be key anchor points, which draw the eye to a certain part of the yard.

Large trees can give a property a sense of maturity and establishment.  In many new subdivisions, you can see rows of new homes with plantings of short, small trees.  This makes it seem that the large houses are out of place.  Many mortgages will be paid off before those trees are tall and mature enough to provide shade and catch the eye.  Curb appeal is widely promoted by realtors and home improvement shows.  Larger trees add curb appeal to a home when it is listed on the market, and in some cases will make the difference between a sale or no sale.

Trees also improve the energy efficiency of a home.  The provide shade in summer months which then helps the air conditioner to run less and more efficiently.  Trees are also used as barriers against the wind, which also increases energy efficiency and additionally slows weatherization of the siding and roof on the wind side of a house.  Of course, trees also have the ability to take carbon dioxide and turn it into oxygen.  This has an important beneficial effect on the environment.

The Paulownia, commonly known as the Empress Tree, is the king of all the fastest growing trees.  It can grow ten or even 15 feet per year and reach heights of 35 to 50 feet in only three short years.  At maturity, the Empress Tree will stand about 50 feet tall.  It grows best in hardiness zones 5 through 11.  It is generally good at resisting drought and it is not too susceptible to insects and disease.  It can also be grown in nearly any soil without a lot of fertilization.  The roots grow downward and deep in search of water.  This growth direction makes the root structure less of a problem for foundations and pipes.

The tree will live for upwards of 80 to 100 years, and its hardwood can be very valuable.  The Empress Tree has large leaves which provide ample shade in the summer.  They also flower in the spring before the leaf buds open, providing a beautiful touch to your landscape.  In parts of Asia, the Empress Tree is believed to bring good fortune to those who plant and tend it.  An example of this belief is found in Japanese traditions.  When a daughter is born in Japan, it is a traditional practice to plant an Empress Tree.  The tree and daughter grow together and when the daughter marries, the tree is cut down.  The wood from the tree was then traditionally used to make the dowry chest and other wedding gifts.

There are many other quick growing trees.  In hardiness zones 4 through 9, several varieties of Willow, Maple, Birch, and the Lombardy Poplar will thrive.  The Willow and Poplar are often planted in rows for shelters.  These trees will grow from six to 12 feet per year.  The Willow will be 35 to 75 feet high at maturity and the Lombardy Poplar will reach heights of 40 to 60 feet.

The Crape Myrtle, Dawn Redwood, and Leland Cypress can also be included in any list of the fastest growing trees.  These trees favor a more temperate climate and can be grown in hardiness zones six through ten.  The Crape Myrtle is a blooming tree and will only reach a height of 20 feet at maturity.  The redwood and cypress trees are evergreens and will rise to an eye popping 100 feet when they are done growing.


 

 


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