Hazelnut Trees

Growing Healthy Hazelnut Trees

It is said that hazelnut trees must be grown in pairs for pollination purposes and these trees can make a pleasant addition to any garden or yard area. The main reason they need to be pollinated is because they produce hazelnuts as fruit. These nuts are not only enjoyed on their own fresh out of the shell but they are also used for a number of other things. They are used in recipes, they can be roasted and the oil from the hazelnut can flavor coffee creamers, ice cream and desert toppings. This is probably why these hazelnut trees are so popular among gardeners and why they can be seen all over North America.

Hazelnut trees are actually considered shrubs and although they can reach up to 14 feet in height they can be pruned down to size depending on personal tastes. It has one single trunk with many extended branches and the larger leaves have a tendency to droop in a downward position. The large dark green leaves are heavily veined and are roughly textured and have a bumpy grain. There are two sets of veins in the leaves and the first is thick and spiny. The rest are smaller veins that are seen on the entire leaf. In early to mid spring, smaller green circular balls appear between the lighter green leaves. They are incased in a lighter green leaf material and when they fully ripen they turn a red to bronze color. This usually occurs in August and you might want to harvest them as soon as they begin to ripen.

Squirrels, chip monks and just about any other creature that lives around your trees, will like your hazelnut trees as much as you. But if you do not want to share most of your nuts with them, you will have to act fast and retrieve your harvest immediately. But if you maintain healthy hazelnut trees, there will be enough nuts to go around.

These types of trees can live almost anywhere and they can handle a bit of cool weather that includes temperatures that go below zero but never for a long period of time. They do best in areas where the temperature usually does not go below 25 degrees. For example, a person who lives near Canada might not be able to keep this plant alive. But another person in southern Ohio might have good luck with hazelnut trees. Although there is only a 5 to 10 degree difference in temperatures, it means everything when you are trying to keep this shrub healthy.

You should keep your hazelnut trees in a mix of shade and sun. This plant needs plenty of sunshine to produce the fruit and it should be placed in an area that has afternoon sunlight and morning shade. It obviously prefers warmer temperatures and the extra sunlight helps to produce more fruit, so make sure that it gets 5 to 6 hours of sunlight everyday.

Make sure that the soil has the right PH balance. This plant enjoys neutral, mildly acidic and mildly alkaline soil. You can purchase a fertilizer that adds the right nutrients to the soil at your local garden center. You should also plant your trees in well drained soil, making sure not to saturate the younger roots. You can dig out a slight trench around the base of the trees, in a circle. Dig the trench out to be 5 to 6 inches deep. They should be 4 to 5 inches away from the roots, so that they are safe from saturation. Do not water the base of the plant. Only add water to the dug out trench. This way the plant receives water but the roots will not become damaged. You will only have to do this until the plant matures.



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