Santa Rosa Plum Tree

How to Grow a Santa Rosa Plum Tree

The Santa Rosa plum tree is one of the most popular varieties of plum tree. It produces a sweet and tasty fruit that is large and plentiful during harvest time. There are several different varieties of plum tree, and they are separated into 3 main categories: European plum trees, Japanese plum trees and native plum tree varieties. Santa Rosa plums are a part of the Japanese plum tree family.

As with all plums of the Japanese variety, the Santa Rosa plum tree produces large, plump and generally round plums. The outer skin is a deep red with hints of purple, and the inner flesh is yellow, juicy and delicious. Santa Rosa plums are grown almost exclusively on California plum farms, where approximately 90 percent of America’s plums are grown. Santa Rosas are a top seller, largely because of the sweet flavor and luscious appearance.

The Santa Rosa plum tree is also popular with home gardeners because it is fairly easy to grow and it is a self-pollinating fruit tree, which means it is a pretty low-maintenance tree that does not need to be pollinated in order to bloom and bear fruit. These trees will produce a hefty harvest of juicy, crimson plums, which is another reason they are a favorite with home fruit gardeners.

Planting a Santa Rosa Plum Tree
Several Japanese plum tree varieties are used by home growers, both in California and beyond. As with most plum trees, the Santa Rosa should always be planted in a garden spot that receives a lot of direct sunlight. This is a full-sun fruit tree, so it will require at least 6 hours of good sun every day for the most abundant and tastiest results.

Santa Rosa plum trees can grow quite large – height at maturity can be anywhere from 15 to 25-feet tall – so they need plenty of space in the yard. Although not gigantic, this is probably not a fruit tree that can be planted in a tiny garden. It is a favorite for those with the space, however, because of the abundance of tasty fruit it can produce.

Japanese plum tree varieties are not extremely sensitive when it comes to soil nutrients, but the do best when planted in soil with a neutral pH level (somewhere between 6.0 and 7.5 pH). If possible, plant the tree in a location where the soil will drain properly so the trees will not be waterlogged.

As with any fruit trees in the garden, you will want to keep the plum tree free of weeds. Setting a layer of mulch on top of the soil can be a great way to help keep out unwanted plant growth. Plum trees do not need much tending to, but they can be trimmed back every now and then to encourage new growth and keep them tidy.

Harvesting Santa Rosa Plums
Santa Rosa plums will blossom in the early spring, usually near the end of May. The fruit will follow within a couple of months, producing the bulk of the harvest in July. The plums are ripe when their skin gives just a bit under light finger pressure. If the plums are picked before they are ripe, they will be quite hard, but the can be left out in a sunny location to ripen up a bit more. The longer the plums are left on the tree, the sweeter they will become, so you never want to pick them too soon. The plums will grow soft if left on too long, so they should be picked when they are just at their peak.



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